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Sabtu, 17 Desember 2011

Magelang City

Magelang is one of the largest cities of the 1,130 km² Magelang Regency, Central Java, Indonesia. It is also the largest town in the Kedu Plain between Mount Merbabu and Mount Sumbing in Central Java, Indonesia. Magelang is located 43 km north from Yogyakarta, and 75 km south of Semarang, the capital of Central Java.

It is in a fertile agricultural area and one of the most densely populated regions on Java. Magelang City has two borders. Its western border is Progo river; its eastern border is Elo river. The city is divided into three districts and several subdistricts.


Magelang Utara (North Magelang) : Kramat Utara, Kramat Selatan, Kedungsari, Wates, Potrobangsan,
Magelang Tengah (Central Magelang) : Magelang, Cacaban, Kemirirejo, Gelangan, Panjang, Rejowinangun Utara,
Magelang Selatan (South Magelang) : Tidar Utara, Tidar Selatan, Rejowinangun Selatan, Magersari, Jurangombo Utara, Jurangombo Selatan.

HISTORY

Magelang was then known as a village called Mantyasih, which is now known as Meteseh. There are three stele of historical importance in Magelang, namely Poh, Gilikan and Mantyasih, all of which are written on a plate of copper. Poh and Mantyasih were written under the rule of King Balitung of Mataram Kingdom. In those stele, the villages of Mantyasih and Glanggang were mentioned. They became Meteseh and Magelang respectively.

In Mantyasih stele, it mentioned the name of King Watukura Dyah Balitung, as well as 829 Çaka bulan Çaitra tanggal 11 Paro-Gelap Paringkelan Tungle, Pasaran Umanis hari Senais Sçara atau Sabtu, which means Saturday Legi, 11 April 907. The village Mantyasih was made by the king as tax-free village which was led by a patih (similar to Prime Minister nowadays). Also mentioned are Mount Susundara and Mount Wukir Sumbing which is now known as Mount Sindoro and Mount Sumbing.

When Britain colonised Magelang in the eighteenth century, Magelang became the seat of the government and was made to the same level as a regency with Mas Ngabehi Danukromo as its first leader (Bupati). Mas Ngabehi Danukromo built Alun-Alun (town square), bupati residence and a mosque. Magelang became the capital of Karesidenan Kedu in 1818. After the Dutch defeated the British, Magelang was made the central of economy because its strategic location. The Dutch government built drinking water tower (known locally as Menara Air Minum) in 1918 which provides the city with water. Electricity became available in 1927. The roads were remade using asphalt.

The city has historically been a military post, dating back to the Dutch East Indies colonial era. It subsequently acted as an army stronghold for Indonesian pro-independence movements against the Dutch government during the resistance period. Currently, it is host to two military landmarks: The National Military Academy, and the only military-associated school, Taruna Nusantara. After the independence of Indonesia, Magelang became kotapraja (same level as a district) and then kotamadya (same level as city)

PLACES OF INTEREST

Temple

Magelang is the closest major town to Borobudur, a ninth-century Buddhist monument located about 10 km (25 miles) north west of Yogyakarta. The Canggal Temple, also located in the Magelang regency, has a Sanskrit transcription bearing the name of the first Mataram Kingdom ruler, Sanjaya.

Museums

A number of the town's buildings from the Dutch East Indies era have become heritage landmarks. The Karesidenan Kedu building, now known as Museum Pangeran Diponegoro, was where Prince Diponegoro was arrested by the Dutch colonial government during the Java War (1825-1830). The chair on which the Prince sat remains in the museum. A fingernail, believed to be Diponegoro’s, remains on the arm of the chair. A statue in his honour stands in Magelang’s town square.

Jalan Pemuda

Jalan Pemuda (“Youth Street”) is Magelang's Pecinan (Chinatown). The one-way 1.5 km long road is the centre of business and includes shops, a minimarket, and restaurants. The road, running along a former railroad, is divided with a narrow section reserved for rickshawss.

Alun-Alun (Town Square)

The Alun-alun or town square is located in the city centre. The area has the Matahari and Gardena department stores, Magelang’s only cinema, to the north the Trio Plaza and the BCA tower; in the south a police station, the BPD Bank building, and a Confucian temple along Jalan Pemuda. In the west, is city’s largest mosque, locally known as Kauman. Within the vicinity of the town square is a 15-metre high watertower, and also a statue of Diponegoro riding a horse.

Sports

In 2006, a golf course was opened. The football stadium is known as Abu Bakrin.

Gedung Olah Raga (Sport Building/Fitness Centre) Samapta is located in North Magelang district. Nowadays, the area is being developed because of the plan to raise its status to Sport Centre of the Central Java. It is located east of Progo river.

Parks

A 28 hectare park, Kyai Langgeng, is located at Cempaka Street approximately one kilometre south of the city centre. Research is undertaken on rare plant species here. The park has a playground for children and their families. The river Progo is accessible from this park.

Badaan park is located in Jalan Pahlawan (Pahlawan Road) and one of two parks in Magelang. It is smaller compared to Kyai Langgeng and mostly regarded as a children's playground. It includes animal statues, such as elephant and giraffe. Hawkers sell a variety of bakso (Meat Balls) here.

Mount Tidar

Mount Tidar is located in Magersari, South Magelang and located within the complex of Military Academy (Akmil). Here lies the remains of Syekh Subakir from Iran.

Transportation

Magelang does not have its own airport and therefore relies on Yogyakarta's Adisutjipto International Airport, Surakarta's Adisumarmo International Airport and Semarang's Achmad Yani International Airport.

Magelang used to have a railway track from Semarang to Yogyakarta passing at its centre (along Jalan Pemuda), but have since been redirected outside the city.

~ istalastu ~

Source : google, yahoo, local magazine, altavista, wikipedia, national geography, ministry of Forestry, geological map, magelangkota.go.id, indonesia-tourism.com, etc

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