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Minggu, 27 April 2014

Nama dan Jenis Tanaman - Arsitektur

Salah satu elemen dari Arsitektur adalah landscape, baik itu berupa Hardscape maupun Softscape. Tanaman merupakan bagian dari landscape, yang secara visual maupun fungsi harus dapat diaplikasikan dengan tepat, sehingga dapat berfungsi secara maksimal.

Sebelum kita menentukan jenis tanaman apa yang akan kita tanam atau pergunakan, sebaiknya kita telaah terlebih dahulu dengan baik dasar-dasar kebutuhan dari lokasi penanaman tersebut, misalnya dari sisi fungsi, maupun visual. Setelah kita cermati keseluruhan aspek tersebut, baru kita dapat tentukan dengan baik tanaman apa yang akan kita tanam, sehingga investasi kita tersebut merupakan investasi yang “Smart”.

Berikut beberapa nama tanaman berikut type atau karakteristik dari group tanaman tersebut.



RUMPUT | LAWN

Rumput Gajah Mini   
Rumput Gajah ( Axonopus sp)
Rumput Manila        
Rumput Golf  
Rumput Peking        
Rumput Gajah Mini Putih     


PENUTUP TANAH | GROUNDCOVER

Anggrek Tanah ( Spathoglotis plicata) ,
Bayam Merah ( Alteanthera ficoidea) , 
Cendrawasih ( Phyllantus sp)
Cocor bebek ( Kalanchoe pinnata)
Crossandra   
Kembang coklat putih ( Zyphranthes sp) Bawang-bawangan      
Kembang coklat merah muda ( Zyphyranthes sp) Bawang-bawangan   
Krokot / Kriminil ( Althernantera amoenna)
Lili brazil       
Lili paris ( Chlorophytum sp)
Adam Hawa ( Rhoeo discolor)
Nanas merah ( Ananas sp)
Seruni rambat ( Wedelia trilobata)
Sugi putih ( Dracaena sp)
Sutra bombal ( Portulacca sp)
Verbena ( Verbena sp)
Pedang-pedangan strip kuning ( Sansiviera sp)
Pedang-pedangan strip hijau ( Sansiviera sp)
Lantana saudy         
Taiwan beauty bunga ungu ( Cuphea sp)
Taiwan beauty bunga putih ( Cuphea sp)
Wali songo daun kecil ( Schefiera sp)
Telo-telo       
Irish Bunga Kuning   
Irish Bunga Ungu     
Ruellia tegak 
Landep/ Arachis       
Honje belang / kuning        
Kucai Mini     
Dolar-dolaran
Bromelia       


TANAMAN PERDU

Agave tanduk ( agave sp)
Agave siklok ( agave sp)
Aglonema ( aglaonema sp)
Arrallea
Bougenvil berbunga
Callistemon pink      
Dendron biasa ( Phillodendron sp)
Dracena tricolor ( Dracena)
Kacapiring ( Gardenia sp)
Pisang-pisangan ( Heliconia sp) bunga kuning/ merah     
Pisang-pisangan ( Heliconia sp) lady
Pisang-pisangan ( Purpea) Caribay bunga merah  
Pisang-pisangan ( Heliconia sp) bunga pink / sexy pink    
Spatphylum lokal ( Spatiphylum sp)
Kamboja jepang ( Adenium Cutanium) bercabang
Canna indica red / yellow    
Canna generalis president / Kana Bunga Merah    
Canna generalus Richard Wallace / Kana Bunga Kuning   
Kembang sepatu      
Mawar putih ( Rosa hybrida)
Mawar merah ( rosa hybrida)
Melati costa ( Jasminum sp)
Melati gambir ( Jasminum sp)
Oleander ( Nerium indicum)
Pandan hijau jepang ( Pandanus sp)
Pandan kuning         
Pandan bali   
Sambang darah       
Soka bangkok ( Ixora sp)
Soka jepang bunga orange ( ixora sp)
Soka philipina ( ixora sp)
Soka siantan ( ixora tricia)
Soka singapura ( ixora cocineae) bunga putih, pink, merah       
Soka jawa/ nawal ( ixora sp)
Terang bulan daun putih/ kuning ( Thithonia diversifolia)
Lili alang putih
Bakung air mancur   
Ruselia
Tombak raja ( Yucca gloriosa)
Tapak dara   
Batavia        
Syzgium ( pucuk merah)
Star Jasmine 
Pilodendron Jari ( Phillodendron selloum)
Pakis Kelabang Brazil ( Nephrolepis exaltata)
Pacing Spiral ( Coctus speciousus)
Hujan Mas Bunga Kuning ( Thryalis glauca)
Honje Strip Hijau-Kuning ( Alpinea zerumbet variegata)
Calathea sp. / Maranta Elang Daun Tebal  
Calathea makoyana / Maranta Macan       
Pleomele reflexa / Song of India    
Pleomele reflexa / Song of Jamaica


TANAMAN PAGAR

Kedondong laut ( Nothopanax sp)
Kemuning ( Murraya paniculata)
Mangkokan ( Nothopanax sp)
Mirten pagar ( Malphigia sp)
Teh-tehan tinggi ( durantha repens)
Pangkas kuning kecil ( Duranta repens)
Bougenvil      
Bougenvil variegata  


TANAMAN MERAMBAT

Air mata pengantin ( Antigonon leptopus)
Alamanda ( alamanda cathartica)
Lantana rambat ungu
Sirih gading daun strip kuning ( Scindapsus sp)


TANAMAN HIAS

Anjuang hijau
Anjuang kribo
Anjuang kuning
Anjuang merah ( Cordelyne terminalis)
Nusa indah merah/ putih ( Nussaenda sp)
Pakis kelabang hijau ( Neprolephis sp)
Pakis krol ( Neprolephis sp)
Pakis monyet ( Aisophila glauca)
Pisang kipas ( Ravanela madagaskariensis)
Puring bor ( Codiaeum sp)
Puring buntut ( Codiaeum sp)
Puring gelatik ( Codiaeum sp)
Puring jet ( Codiaeum sp)
Puring kelabang ( Codiaeum sp)
Puing nuri ( Codiaeum sp)
Sianto
Sikas/ pakis haji kasar ( cycas rumpii)
Sikas/ pakis haji kasar ( cycas rumpii)


PALEM

Kelapa gading ( Cocos capitata)
Kelapa hijau
Kurma ( Phoenix daetillifera)
Kurma ( Phoenix daetillifera)
Palm botol
Palm camedoria
Palm ekor tupai
Palm jepang ( Ptychosperma macarthurii)
Palm kol ( Licuala grandis )
Palm kuning ( Chrysalidocarpus lutescens)
Palm merah ( Cyrtotachis lakka)
Palm phoenix ( Phoenix sp)
Palm putri
Palm raja ( Oredoxa regia)
Palm sadeng ( Livistonia sinensis)
Palm sadeng ( Livistonia sinensis)
Palm sadeng minyak
Palm segitiga biru
Palm wregu
Palem Air Mancur ( Jezi pent)
Palem Dop ( Pritchardia trusstoni)
Pandan Puter ( Pandanus ureus)
Palem Uban ( Whasingtonia robusta)


BAMBU DAN CEMARA

Bambu jepang ( Phyliastachis aurea)
Bambu krisik ( Bambusa tuldoides)
Bambu kuning ( Bambua vulgaris)
Cemara angin ( Casuarina avisatifolia)
Cemara gembel ( Cupressus papuana)
Cemara kipas
Cemara lilin   
Cemara natal ( Cupressus sp)
Pinus ( Pinus merkusii)


TANAMAN PEMIKAT BURUNG

Belimbing ( Averhoa carambola)
Bintaro         
Buni ( Atidesmabunius)
Durian ( durio zibethinus)
Jamblang
Jambu air ( Eugenia aquea)
Jambu bol ( Eugenia malaccensis)
Kantil ( Michella campaca)
Kecapi ( Sandoricum koetjape)
Kedondong ( Spondias pinnata)
Kenanga ( Cananga odorata)
Kersen/ serry
Melinjo ( Gnetum gnemon)
Menteng ( Baccaurea dulcius)
Mindi
Nangka ( Artocarpus heterophylus)
Pala
Petai
Rambutan
Salam
Sawokecik ( manikara kauki)
Serikaya
Yangliu


TANAMAN TEDUH | INDOOR PLANT

Anggrek bulan
Anggrek cathales
Anggrek douglas kecil
Belanceng bintik
Belanceng putih
Golden shower
Kembang kancing
Kencuran
Kuping gajah
Kuping keledai
Meranti bintik
Meranti kol
Monstera
Pacing
Peplan putih
Sabrina ungu
Sri rejeki
Supelir
Tancuk rusa / Simbar menjangan


POHON PENEDUH

Angsana ( pterocarpus indicus)
Asem keranji ( Pithecolluobium dulce)
Asem ( Tamarindus indica)
Beringin ( Ficus benjamin)
Biola cantik ( Ficus pandurata)
Bisbul ( Diospyrus discolor)
Bunga kupu-kupu ( Baiuhinia purpurea)
Bunga saputangan ( Amherstia nobilis)
Bungur ( Lagerstormea loudonil)
Cempaka kuning ( Michelia champaca)
Dadap merah ( Erythrina cristagali)
Damar ( Agathis alba)
Flamboyan ( Delonix regia)
Flamboyan kuning ( Delonix regia)
Glodogan tiang ( Saracca sp)
Jatimas        
Jambu mede ( Anacardium occidendale)
Johar ( Cassia siamea)
Kasia bunga kuning ( Cassia multijuga)
Kayya ( Kaya senegalensis)
Kayu manis ( Cinnamon bumanni
Kayu putih ( Maleucaa leucandendron)
Kembang kupu-kupu ( Bauhlnia purpurea)
Kembang merak
Kembang sepatu
Kenari ( Canarium commune)
Ketapang kencana   
Kiara payung ( Fiicium depiciens)
Kamboja putih         
Kamboja Kuning Cendana ( Bali)
Kamboja Trikolor Hawai ( Plumeria rubra tricolor)
Kamboja Pink Hawai 
Mahoni ( Swietania mahagoni)
Mangga ( Magnifera indica)
Pule ( Alsonia scholaris)
Sawo duren ( Chyrsophyllium cainto)
Sawo kecik ( Chyrsophyllium sp)
Sengon ( Abaziafalcata)
Spathodea canapanulata     
Saga ( Adeenanthera davanina)
Tabebuya     
Tanjung ( Mimusop elengi)
Trembesi ( Samanea saman)
Walisongo ( Alithurium macroloium)
Waru ( Hibiscus tiliaceus)

Dear all, semoga nama-nama tanaman di atas dapat bermanfaat.


~ Istalastu ~

 Source : Wikipedia, google, yahoo, istalastu, Istana Langit, Architecture Guideline Design Handbook, yellowpages, kompas, detik, RCTI, SCTV, TRANS TV, Lativi, TVRI, RRI, MNC, Discovery Channel, National Geography, Metro TV, Indonesian Government Official Site, kompas, detik, kas-kus, CNN, BBC,


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